Age spots have been a problem as long as there have been people. Age spots are hyper pigmentation, dark spots, caused by sun damage to the skin cells. Over the years there have been many holistic options to treat age spots. There have also been a plethora of creams and lotions designed to diminish age spots. And, in recent years there has been a surge in new, and inventive, cosmetic procedures to treat the unsightly predicament known as age spots. This essay aims to offer a look at some of the cosmetic procedures available today, and to enlighten you to the positive and negative effects of each. Some of the aforementioned procedures include laser therapy, chemical peels, microdermabrasion, and cryosurgery.
Laser treatments are the preferred method of treatment for many who suffer with age spots. Laser treatments have many advantages. The most impressive advantage to laser treatment is that it is permanent. Once a patient is treated with the laser therapy those age spots never return. There is also very little pain associated with laser treatments. There is no recovery time associated with the procedure either. Laser treatments do vary from patient to patient. For example, a patient with ten relatively light age spots may require only one laser treatment, where as a patient with fifty very dark age spots may require three laser treatments. The average laser treatment lasts approximately twenty minuets. Laser treatments reverse age spots caused to sun damage, but they do not protect against new age spots caused by sun damage.
Chemical peels are also extremely popular in dealing with age spots. Chemical peels vary greatly. There are multiple different chemicals that can be used, and the depth in which they are delivered varies as well. The constants in any chemical peel are that the surface oils, dirt, and debris are removed. Then, a chemical is directly applied to the sun damaged tissue. That tissue is then dissolved by the chemical. Once the chemical has been removed (neutralized) you can begin to grow a new, healthy, undamaged layer of skin. Chemical peels also have the side advantage of reducing depth and visibility of wrinkles. The major disadvantage of a chemical peel is that many patients do experience irritation to the skin; this usually presents itself as redness and swelling.
Microdermabrasion is more of a category of procedures, then a procedure itself. There are three main varieties of microdermabrasion. One for of microdermabrasion is the application of a cream that contains an abrasive particle. This cream is rubbed into the skin and removes much of the damaged skin cells. This helps to lighten age spots and diminish wrinkles. Another form of microdermabrasion is when an paddle, or wand, with an abrasive surface is manually rubbed over the skin in attempts to remove some of the damaged skin. The most popular microdermabrasion technique is to apply abrasive crystals to the skin using a suction device. This method removes the damaged skin cell quickly and effectively, lightening age spots. Microdermabrasion techniques can be used as a stand alone method, but are often paired with chemical peels. The advantage to a microdermabrasion is that you have no recovery time, and see instant results.
Cryosurgery is usually performed by applying a freezing agent to the damaged skin via a direct swab, or spray. Cryosurgery can be an extremely effective method of age spot removal. However, it carries the highest risk of cosmetic procedures that deal with age spots. It is possible to incur blisters, bleeding, unusually light patches of skin, and even permanent scaring. The advantages to cryosurgery do include no recovery time, and the short length of the actual procedure.